Used to communicate about future, or after now.
We can express planned future with Present continuous or with the phrase going to
Eg: I going to meet Paul tomorrow, I'm meeting Paul tomorrow.
But if it is an unplanned or formal situations we use Future simple.
Eg: I will meet Paul tomorrow
Subject + will + main verb (I, You,We, They, He, She, It)
Do not use the contractions in formal sentences
Do not use will with conditional clauses
Situations where we use Future Simple
Formal and informal programs;
The convention will begin at 8:30 AM
I will come today
Planned or unplanned events
PLOTIT will release a new course on December 2nd.
I think he will come tomorrow
I will pay in cash
As per whether forecast, it will rain today
I don't think he will work tomorrow
I will be there in five minutes
Paul will pick you up from railway station
May be the program will finish in 1 hour
I will come back in 10 minutes
Tom will help you to complete the wok
I will see you, if I will visit Kerala (Wrong usage)
I will see you, if I visit Kerala
Same rule applies with when, as soon as, before, after
Tom will not help you to complete the wok
I will not come back in 10 minutes
Will you come back in 10 minutes?
Will you work tomorrow? Yes I will (No contraction) or No I won't (Informal)
Will you come on time? Yes I will
04-01-02-Shall or Will
Shall is an archaic usage. You will see shall instead of will in old books
We use shall when we offer something
Eg: Shall I get you a coffee?
We use shall when we ask something politely
Future Continuous - Shows it is continuous for some time, or for a period of duration in future
eg: I will be working from 8:00 AM to 10:AM
Subject + will be + verb + ing (I, You,We, They, He, She, It)
Stative verbs are not to be used in future continuous.
Situations where we use Future Continuous
Duration of time
I will be travelling from 7th to 10th of next month
A moment in a period of time
I will be travelling on 8th of next month
Activities that are continues together
Next week, Paul will be taking classes on English and Jim will be presenting the slides
Will you be attending the meeting tomorrow?
Tom will not be working tomorrow
Will you be coming tomorrow?
Will Shiji be attending the party tomorrow? Yes, she will or No She won't
Will they be watching this movie?
How long they will be working?
Where they will be going?
04-03-01- Future Perfect
Future Perfect is an advanced tense, which can be used in:
1) An action that will be completed before a specific time in the future
2) An action that will be completed before an another action in the future
Subject + will have + Past Participle of the verb (I, You,We, They, He, She, It)
Eg: They will have finished the food before you reach
Situations where we use Future Perfect
Before a specific time in future
By next July, I will have finished my post graduation and IELTS exams
Tom will have arrived by 10:00 PM
Shiji will have left the office by 6:00 PM
We will have taken the vaccine before June
By next June, I will have been completed my 10 year service in this company
By 8:00 AM, Jim will have had his breakfast
Anoop will have finished the work by tomorrow.
Before a specific action
They will have finished the food before you reach
I will have prepared all the foods before the program starts
By the time he gets to the station, the train will have left
I will not have prepared all the foods before the program starts
Doctor will not have arrived by that time
Anoop will not have finished his work by tomorrow.
Will you have arrived by 6:00 PM?
Smitha, will you have arrived office by then?
Will She have left the office by 5:00 PM?
Will Anoop have finished the work by tomorrow?
04-04-01- Future Perfect Continuous
Future Perfect Continuous tense is also called Future Perfect Progressive Tense
We express the continuity of a future event, Emphasis goes to the future event's continuity.
Eg: By next week, I will have been studying the English course for one month
If two actions take place in the future, the first one which will be continued is Future Perfect Continuous Tense and the second one is Simple Present Tense.
Subject + will have been + verb + ing (I, You,We, They, He, She, It)
Stative verbs are not be used (know, believe, realise, love, hate, own, belong)
We use this tense usually with the context of time or action. (I will have been playing the Piano for two years-Incorrect usage. Correct usage - By next year,I will have been playing the Piano for two years- )
Situations where we use Future Perfect Continuous
Continuous event at a specific time in the future
Next year , I will have been completing 50 years of service in this company.
By the time I arrive in Kochi, I will have been travelling for 12 hours
Before another action in the future
Paul will have been travelling to London before he reach India
They will have been waiting there for one hour by the time I meet them.
They will not have been waiting there for one hour by the time I meet them.
Will I have been travelling for 12 hours?
Will you have been waiting for 2 hours?
How long will you have been travelling to reach Kochin?